This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Dictionary of Vexillology: L (Lodging - Lymphad)

Last modified: 2024-06-01 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors

On this page:

In UK usage now obsolete, a term for the formal housing and display of a colour at and/or from premises in a municipality where the relevant battalion was temporarily staying (see also ‘cased’ and ‘dislodging’).

1) A design serving as the symbol of a commercial enterprise or educational establishment, or other entity, that is not a coat of arms, seal, badge or emblem as defined herein – a logotype or logomark – but see note below (also ‘badge 1) &-3)’, ‘coat of arms’, ‘corporate flag’, all entries under ‘emblem’, ‘house flag 1)’, ‘institutional flag, official’, institutional flag, unofficial’ and seal.
2) A simplified version of an existing badge or of an emblem that is often used in lieu of these for the same purpose.

[logo flag] [logo flag] [logo flag]
Flag of CRAF, France (fotw); Flag of Brussels Region, Belgium (fotw); A Flag of Apple Inc., US (fotw)

Please note that these terms are often misapplied, and care should be taken to ensure that the device being described is not a seal, badge or emblem as referenced above.

A term, which together with ‘seal on a bedsheet’, is intended to be derogatory, and to describe any flag (but particularly the sub-national flags of the US) bearing an emblem, badge, seal or coat of arms upon a plain field – an LOB, bed sheet flag or building site flag – but see the notes below and ‘seal flag’, together with ‘armorial flag’ and ‘armorial ensign’  (also ‘armorial bearing’, ‘badge 1) - 3)’, ‘coat of arms 2)’, all entries under ‘emblem’, ‘logo’, ‘plain 2)’ ‘seal’, and ‘shield 1)’).

[Nebraska] [Kentuchy] [Michigan]
Flags of the States of Nebraska, Kentucky and Michigan, US (fotw)

The Editors suggest a considerable degree of caution when using this term for the following reasons:
a) In US usage flags of this type are often derived from previously established military colours – colours under which men fought and died - and such a description ignores their historical significance.
b) When correctly used the term “logo” has a specific, totally different meaning, and its employment here is both inaccurate and (apparently) unthinking.
c) The definition given above could equally apply to several types of flag (for example the civic/municipal flags of Japan) to which any such implication would be inappropriate.

A colloquial term used to describe the flag of the US state of Texas, which was introduced in that of an independent republic (see also ‘state flag 2)’).

[Texas flag]
Flag of the State of Texas, US (fotw)

In heraldry see ‘Latin cross’.

[Civil ensign of Jerusalem]
Civil Ensign of Jerusalem 1333 – 1921 (fotw)

See ‘flag adjutant’ and its following note.

national arms of Peru

A term that may be used for the practice of fixing a flag or gonfalon to its pole, staff and/or crossbar by a series of attached fabric loops (see also ‘gonfalon 1)’, ‘heading’, ‘ties’ with its following note, ‘ring 4)’ and ‘sleeve 2)’).
[loops on a flag]  [loops on a flag]   [loops on a flag]  
Gonfalons of Baška, Sutivan and Marijanci, Croatia (fotw)

Please note that this is practice is almost certainly based on the earlier use of ties – see ‘ties’.

See ‘anchor flag 1)’.

[Lord High Admiral flag]
Flag of The Lord High Admiral 1685 - 1688, England (fotw)

See ‘cross of Lorraine’.

[Cross of Lorraine] [Cross of Lorraine]
Flag and Arms of Skaryszew, Poland (fotw)

In vexillology the terms for that quarter of a flag which occupies the lower fly - the fourth canton or quarter, or lower fly canton (see also 'canton 3)' and 'fly').

[Fourth canton]

In vexillology the terms for that quarter of a flag which occupies the lower hoist, - the third canton or quarter, or the lower hoist canton (see also ‘canton 3)’ and ‘hoist 1)’).

[Third canton]

In heraldry see ‘abased’.


See ‘dipping’.


1) In vexillology the term for a diamond-shape – a rhombus (see also ‘lozenge-throughout’).
2) In heraldry a diamond shape, usually shown with its upper and lower angles slightly acute – but see the note below, ‘square lozenge’ and ‘fusil’ (also ‘lozengy’, ‘lozengy bendy’ and ‘voided lozenge’).

[Brazil flag] [lozenge] [lozenge]
National Flag of Brazil (fotw); Flag of Alem Paraíba, Brazil (fotw); Flag of Ceará, Brazil (fotw)

Please note with regard to 2), that in English heraldry a lozenge is also the escutcheon upon which a spinster or a widow’s coat of arms is placed (see also ‘armorial bearings’, ‘escutcheon’ and ‘coat of arms’).

[Escutcheon example]
Escutcheon of Kate Middleton before her marriage to HRH Prince William

Terms that may cover any lozenge (or diamond-shape) whose four points touch the edges of the flag or panel it occupies – a lozenge or diamond-overall or a diamond-throughout (see also ‘lozenge 1)’, ‘overall 1)’ and ‘throughout’.

[lozenge-throughout] [lozenge-throughout] [lozenge-throughout]
Flag of O. D. Ahlers, Germany (fotw); Flag of KPM, The Netherlands (fotw); Flag of Cabezarrubias del Puerto, Spain (vexilla hispanica).

These are not established terms but have been introduced by the Editors since no established alternatives could be found.

See ‘voided lozenge’.

Croatian river police
Flag of the Morlanwelz, Belgium (fotw).

1) In heraldry, a term for when the field of a banner of arms or shield is covered with lozenges or diamonds in alternating colours – fusilly (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘fusil’, ‘lozenge 2)’ and ‘lozengy bendy’ below).
2) In vexillology as above, however, the term may also be applied to a field covered with lozenges or diamond shapes set at an angle – see ‘lozengy bendy’ below.

lozengy  lozengy  lozengy
Banner of Arms of Le Locle, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Trinta-e-um de Janeiro 1941 – 1975, Angola (fotw); Flag of Balenyà, Spain (fotw)

Please note however, that on flags this term may also be applied to a field covered with lozenges or diamond shapes set at an angle such as those on the flag of the German state of Bavaria, whereas in heraldic practice these would be lozengy bendy (or bendy sinister).

The heraldic terms used when the field of a shield or banner of arms is covered with lozenges or diamond shapes in alternating colours and set at an angle – fusilly bendy or bendy sinister– see ‘bendy’ and ‘bendy sinister’ (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘fusil’, ‘lozenge 2)’ and ‘lozengy 1)’ above).

[a Lozengy flag] [Lozengy] [Lozengy]
The Flag with Variant and Greater Arms of the State of Bavaria, Germany (fotw)

See ‘stand of colours 1)’ and ‘venn’.

[Lieutenant Colonel’s Colours example] [Lieutenant Colonel’s Colours example] [Lieutenant Colonel’s Colours example] [Lieutenant Colonel’s Colours example] [Lieutenant Colonel’s Colours example]
Examples of Lt Colonel’s Colours, English c1641 (Željko Heimer, CS and fotw)

In European heraldry, the term which describes four crescents joined (or arranged) to form a single charge (see also ‘crescent 2)’.

lunel example lunel example lunel example
Arms and Flag of Oeiras, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of Oliveira do Bairro c1986, Portugal (fotw)

In principally Scottish heraldic usage, the term for a ship with a single mast and (usually) oars – a birlinn - but see notes below.

[lymphad]   [lymphad]  
Banner of Arms of the Western Isles, Scotland (fotw); Flag of Gzira, Malta (fotw)

a) A vessel with oars but more than one mast should be blazoned “galley” – see ‘galley’.
b) In English heraldry a single-masted, medieval nef or cog (with or without oars) is often (but not exclusively) blazoned an “ancient” or “antique ship” – which term can (and does) include sailing vessels with more than one mast – see ‘ancient ship’, ‘cog 2)’ and ‘nef’.

Introduction | Table of Contents | Index of Terms | Previous Page | Next Page